* S&P 500, Nasdaq , Dow post yearly gains
* U.S., Brent crude prices fell 20.5%, 21.5% in 2020
* Dollar has year since 2017
* Graphic: 2020 asset performance http://tmsnrt.rs/2yaDPgn
* Graphic: World FX rates in 2020 http://tmsnrt.rs/2egbfVh (Updates to market close)
By Stephen Culp
NEW YORK, Dec 31 (Reuters) - Wall Street advanced on Thursday and the dollar gained ground as investors closed the book on a turbulent year of pandemic, recession and recovery.
All three major indexes gained ground, with the Dow and S&P 500 picking up steam in the session's final minutes to exit 2020 at record highs. Over the course of a historic year, the indexes both roared and plummeted as economic shutdowns to contain the coronavirus brought markets to their knees.
"It's a quiet day with little news and low volume - an ironic end to such a tumultuous year," said David Carter, chief investment officer at Lenox Wealth Advisors in New York. "All eyes are on next year, which will be 'show me' time, with investors watching to see if actual fundamentals will be as strong as current stock prices are forecasting."
Equities bounced back with a vengeance following the plunge in March, with the Nasdaq, S&P 500 and Dow posting respective annual gains of 43.6%, 16.3% and 7.2%.
"When you think about the year we're glad it's over, but it was also unbelievable in a lot of different ways," said Ryan Detrick, senior market strategist at LPL Financial in Charlotte, North Carolina. "This is the first year in history that the S&P was down 30% for the year at one point and managed to end higher.
"It is a good reminder for investors to have a longer time horizon and when bear markets arise they likely should be viewed as opportunities and not a time to panic, which is easier said than done," Detrick added.
Initial jobless claims USJOB=ECI unexpectedly dropped for the second straight week, according to the Labor Department, but remain elevated as the economy stumbles through a COVID-19 resurgence. Donald Trump was expected to fly back to Washington on Thursday to pick up his fight with Congress over a defense bill and stimulus checks. around the world struggled to deploy vaccines to end the global health crisis. About 2.8 million Americans have been inoculated so far, falling well short of the year-end goal of 20 million. deaths from COVID-19 https://apac1.apps.cp.thomsonreuters.com/cms/?navid=1592404098 have surpassed 1.8 million. In the United States, more than 340,000 have died from the disease.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average .DJI rose 196.92 points, or 0.65%, to 30,606.48, the S&P 500 .SPX gained 24.03 points, or 0.64%, to 3,756.07 and the Nasdaq Composite .IXIC added 18.28 points, or 0.14%, to 12,888.28.
European stocks closed lower as tighter coronavirus restrictions in the UK and higher U.S. tariffs on some EU products dampened optimism on the last day of the Brexit transition. pan-European STOXX 600 index .STOXX lost 0.30% and MSCI's gauge of stocks across the globe .MIWD00000PUS gained 0.15%.lost 0.45
Oil prices advanced on hopes of rebounding demand, but U.S. and Brent crude prices ended 2020 down 20.5%, and 21.5%, respectively. crude CLcv1 rose 0.25% to settle at $48.52 per barrel and Brent LCOcv1 settled at $51.80 per barrel, up 0.33% on the day.
U.S. Treasury yields dipped, pulling the yield curve flatter, as thin volume exaggerated market moves. 10-year notes US10YT=RR last rose 3/32 in price to yield 0.9165%, from 0.926% late on Wednesday.
The 30-year bond US30YT=RR last rose 12/32 in price to yield 1.6462%, from 1.662% late on Wednesday.
The dollar rose against a basket of world currencies, but ended its worst year since 2017 as expectations for further fiscal aid and easy monetary policy from the U.S Federal Reserve prompted investors to shun the greenback. dollar index .DXY rose 0.24%, with the euro EUR= down 0.6% to $1.2221.
The Japanese yen weakened 0.06% versus the greenback at 103.26 per dollar, while sterling GBP= was last trading at $1.3673, up 0.37% on the day.
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http://tmsnrt.rs/2ihRugV World stocks index
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