(Recasts, adds U.S. open, updates prices)
* Dow Jones Industrial Average, S&P 500 up 0.4%
* MSCI all-country world index strikes all-time high
* Dollar hits two-year low
* Fed confirms backstop, Congress mulls stimulus
* Brexit trade deal hopes boost sterling to $1.36
By Matt Scuffham and Thyagaraju Adinarayan
NEW YORK/LONDON, Dec 17 (Reuters) - Global stocks scaled new peaks on Thursday, fueled by growing optimism that deals will be reached over a fresh U.S. stimulus package and a post-Brexit trade deal between the United Kingdom and the European Union.
U.S. congressional negotiators were "closing in on" a $900 billion COVID-19 aid bill expected to include $600-$700 stimulus checks to individuals, lawmakers said on Wednesday.
Progress on a stimulus package overshadowed continued concerns over the economic impact of the pandemic, highlighted by weak U.S. retail sales data on Wednesday.
"U.S. stocks are rallying on COVID relief bill optimism and hopes that a post-Brexit trade deal will be reached by Sunday," said Edward Moya, senior market analyst at OANDA in New York.
The Dow Jones Industrial Average .DJI rose 124.16 points, or 0.41%, to 30,278.7; the S&P 500 .SPX gained 16.63 points, or 0.45%, to 3,717.8; and the Nasdaq Composite .IXIC added 76.07 points, or 0.6%, to 12,734.26.
The general risk-on mood sent the dollar to 2-1/2-year lows against major peers, while the MSCI world stock index .MIWD00000PUS reached a new high of 639.33. The index has climbed 16% since the end of October. Since then, multiple COVID-19 vaccine breakthroughs have been announced.
European stocks .STOXX and the euro rallied for the fourth straight session as investors built up positions in riskier assets, anticipating a sharp economic recovery in 2021 backed by wider vaccine rollouts and ultra-easy monetary policy.
The British pound hit May 2018 highs on hopes of a post-Brexit trade deal.
"While we expect stocks to benefit further from positive news on vaccine rollouts and U.S. fiscal support, the same cannot be said for the U.S. dollar," said Mark Haefele, Chief Investment Officer at UBS Global Wealth Management.
"We see further (dollar) weakness ahead."
In further monetary support, U.S. Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell vowed on Wednesday to keep pouring cash into markets until the U.S. economic recovery is secure.
Bond traders, however, were disappointed he did not extend the Fed's purchase program deeper down the yield curve, and U.S. Treasuries sold off at longer tenors, but others took it as a signal the bank will have their back. US/
The Swiss National Bank also kept its ultra-expansive monetary policy on hold, keeping the world's lowest interest rates and staying ready to launch currency interventions despite being labelled a currency manipulator by the United States.
The Swiss franc was last at 0.8841.
Better-than-expected labour data in Australia pushed the Aussie AUD= as high as $0.7624, its strongest since mid-2018. AUD/
The Aussie is also riding high on surging prices for iron ore and a mood that has pushed currencies in Malaysia MYR= , Singapore SGD= , Thailand THB= , Taiwan TWD= , Sweden SEK= and Norway NOK= to milestone peaks. EMRG/FRX
The kiwi NZD= rose to its strongest since early 2018 after New Zealand's economic growth beat expectations. Treasuries steadied, with the yield on benchmark ten-year government bonds US10YT=RR flat at 0.9246%.
Cryptocurrency bitcoin BTC=BTSP extended gains after breaking past $20,000 overnight. It rose 8% to $23,058. Investors are attracted by its momentum - it is up 200% this year - and its purported resistance to inflation because of its limited supply. Asia, MSCI's broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan .MIAPJ0000PUS rose 3.84 points or 0.59%, to 651.47. The yen JPY= was last down 0.53%, at $102.9300.
Brent crude oil futures LCOc1 rose as much as 1.6% to their highest since early March - before over-production fears and virus worries pushed oil prices off a cliff. O/R
Spot gold prices XAU= rose $27.9444, or 1.50%, to $1,892.09 an ounce.
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