* Graphic: World FX rates in 2020 https://tmsnrt.rs/2RBWI5E
* Analysts warn that sterling's gains may not last
* Dollar under pressure before Fed meeting
* Australian dollar eyes central bank minutes for guidance
By Stanley White
TOKYO, Dec 14 (Reuters) - The British pound rose against the dollar and the euro on hopes that Britain and the European Union will secure a free trade agreement after their decision to extend negotiations beyond the Sunday deadline.
The dollar eased slightly ahead of a U.S. Federal Reserve meeting ending Wednesday where policymakers are expected to increase purchases of longer-dated Treasuries to contain a rise in yields.
The rally in sterling may not last, some analysts warn, because Britain and the EU have repeatedly struggled to narrow their differences and there is still a risk that trade and business will be thrown into chaos without an agreement.
"This is a temporary move higher in the pound, but it is still not clear that a no-deal scenario can be avoided," said Junichi Ishikawa, senior foreign exchange strategist at IG Securities in Tokyo.
"A partial deal with an agreement to negotiate further next year might save the pound, but anything less would lead to renewed selling. I would not buy sterling from here."
The British pound GBP=D3 jumped by 0.73% to $1.3319, its biggest one-day gain since Dec. 1.
Against the euro, sterling EURGBP=D3 rose by 0.53% to 91.10 pence also the largest daily gain since Dec. 9.
The euro EUR=D3 edged up 0.22% to $1.2134.
The dollar was little changed at 103.95 yen JPY=D3 .
London and Brussels agreed on Sunday to "go the extra mile" in coming days to try to reach an elusive trade agreement despite missing their latest deadline to avert a turbulent exit for Britain from the European Union at the end of the month. formally left the EU in January, but has since been in a transition period during which it remains in the EU single market and customs union, meaning that rules on trade, travel and business have stayed the same.
That all ends on Dec. 31, and if by then there is no agreement to protect around $1 trillion in annual trade from tariffs and quotas, businesses on both sides would be hit hard, but the British pound is more vulnerable to selling than the euro, analysts warn.
The dollar, which has also been under selling pressure recently, faces a big week because of the Fed's policy meeting.
U.S. dollar net short positioning in the latest week climbed to its highest since late September, according to calculations by Reuters and Commodity Futures Trading Commission data released on Friday. dollar index =USD against a basket of six major currencies stood at 90.767, close to a 2 1/2-year low.
Investors have sold the dollar on expectations of a global recovery, buoyed by positive coronavirus vaccine news and hopes for further U.S. stimulus that should lift the market's risk appetite.
The dollar is also under pressure due to expectations that U.S. interest rates will remain low for an extended period.
Elsewhere, the Australian dollar AUD=D3 edged up against its U.S. counterpart before the release of central bank minutes that could prompt investors to scale back bets for additional monetary easing.
Across the Tasman Sea the New Zealand dollar NZD=D3 also rose ahead of data later in the week forecast to show a sharp rebound in gross domestic product.
Currency bid prices at 8:42AM (2342 GMT) Description
U.S. Close Pct Change
+104.0000 +0.0000 Euro/Yen
+126.3400 +126.0000 Dollar/Swiss
+0.8885 Sterling/Dollar GBP=D3
+1.3270 Dollar/Canadian CAD=D3
All spots FX= Tokyo spots AFX= Europe spots EFX= Volatilities FXVOL= Tokyo Forex market info from BOJ TKYFX
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