CORRECTED-FOREX-Euro pinned near 11-yr low as SNB move beefs up bets on ECB stimulus

  • Reuters
  • Forex News
CORRECTED-FOREX-Euro pinned near 11-yr low as SNB move beefs up bets on ECB stimulus

(Corrects 2nd para to clarify the SNB's pledge was to cap the franc at 1.20 euro)

* Euro nurses heavy wounds after shock SNB move

* SNB shocker heightens bets ECB will adopt QE next week

By Ian Chua and Shinichi Saoshiro

SYDNEY/TOKYO, Jan 16 (Reuters) - The euro languished just above an 11-year trough on Friday as investors wagered that the Swiss move to abandon its currency cap meant it was almost certain the European Central Bank would launch large-scale bond buying next week.

The euro suffered its biggest one-day drop against the Swiss franc in history after the Swiss National Bank (SNB) stunned markets by suddenly abandoning its long-held pledge to cap the franc at 1.20 per euro. <^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^>

Dealers assumed the Swiss had moved with the knowledge that the ECB would take the plunge into full scale quantitative easing at its policy meeting on Jan. 22. ID:nL6N0UU2CQ

"No doubt the market will be expecting big stimulatory action from the ECB next week if the Swiss fear a much weaker euro," said David de Garis, senior economist at National Australia Bank.

"In fact, the move unleashed a spate of currency volatility, including the euro, major currency pairs whipsawing significantly."

After falling 30 percent in a matter of minutes in wake of the SNB's shock move to 0.8696 Swiss francs EURCHF =R , the euro has since clawed back to 1.002 francs.

The loss of Swiss support for the euro saw the single currency slide across the board to reach as low as $1.15675 EUR/USD , a trough not seen since November 2003, before recovering a bit of ground to last stand at $1.1645.

The euro was hammered against the other major currencies. It fell to a three-month low of 134.70 yen EURJPY =R and hit a four-month low of A$1.4062 EURAUD =R .

The common currency is gearing up for another trial as the foreign exchange markets await the closely-watched ECB policy meeting on Jan. 22 and a snap election in Greece three days later.

"The euro may have suffered deep losses but it will still come across selling pressure of a different kind if the ECB does decide to adopt quantitative easing," said Daisuke Karakama, market economist at Mizuho Bank in Tokyo.

Karakama said the market was yet to form a consensus on how the ECB may launch quantitative easing, exposing the euro to large swings when the central bank makes its move at next week's meeting.

"The ECB may even opt to wait until March to unveil the finer points of QE," he said.

The financial markets are keeping a nervous watch on the Jan. 25 Greek vote, as a win by the leftist Syriza party could trigger a standoff with the EU/IMF lenders and drive Greece from the euro zone.

The Swiss franc soared 18 percent against the greenback, which last traded at 0.8615 francs CHF= , having fallen as far as 0.7360.

With the euro under pressure, the dollar index .DXY reached an 11-year high of 92.752. It last stood at 92.157.

Traders said the ECB bond-buying program would inject fresh euros into the market, some of which would ultimately flow into the safe-haven Swiss franc.

That would render the task of maintaining the 1.20 per euro cap all the more difficult and expensive for the SNB, hence its decision to abandon the pledge.

The panicked market reaction helped lift the safe-haven Japanese currency against the dollar.

The dollar hit a fresh one-month low of 115.90 yen USD/JPY .

Amid the frenzied trade, the Aussie managed to reach a one-month high of $0.8295 AUD=D4 before pulling back to $0.8234. (Editing by Shri Navaratnam)

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