Earnings call: Hilltop Holdings reports mixed Q1 results amid economic challenges

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Earnings call: Hilltop Holdings reports mixed Q1 results amid economic challenges
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Hilltop Holdings Inc . (NYSE: HTH ), a Dallas-based financial holding company, reported its first-quarter earnings for 2024, revealing a net income of $28 million or $0.42 per diluted share. The company, which operates through PlainsCapital Bank and Hilltop Securities, faced mixed financial results due to various economic pressures.

PlainsCapital Bank showed resilience with a pre-tax income of $50 million, while PrimeLending experienced a pre-tax loss of $16.5 million. Hilltop Securities contributed positively with a pre-tax income of $19 million. The company's capital levels remained strong, with a common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 19.7%. Despite the challenges, Hilltop returned $21 million to shareholders and announced a leadership transition at PlainsCapital Bank.

Key Takeaways

  • Hilltop Holdings reported a net income of $28 million, or $0.42 per diluted share.
  • Strong returns from PlainsCapital Bank with $50 million in pre-tax income.
  • PrimeLending faced a pre-tax loss of $16.5 million due to low housing inventory and high mortgage rates.
  • Hilltop Securities generated $19 million in pre-tax income, benefiting from mortgage trading and wealth management.
  • The company maintained strong capital levels and returned $21 million to shareholders.
  • Leadership transition at PlainsCapital Bank with Jeremy Ford (NYSE: F ) set to become CEO.

Company Outlook

  • Deposit competition expected to remain intense throughout 2024.
  • Liquidity sources at approximately $7.4 billion, above uninsured and uncollateralized deposits.
  • Anticipated increase in interest-bearing deposit costs.
  • Non-interest income at $182 million, with mortgage-related income and fees decreasing.
  • Credit quality remains solid, with a higher level of charge-offs.
  • Net interest margin expected to face pressure but may improve in the fourth quarter.

Bearish Highlights

  • Net interest income decreased by 15% due to rising deposit costs.
  • Higher interest rates and increased equity requirements caused a pullback in the commercial lending market.
  • A predicted recession in the first quarter of 2025 could impact credit quality.

Bullish Highlights

  • PlainsCapital Bank and Hilltop Securities driving strong returns.
  • Improved trading activity in structured finance business contributed to a rise in other income.
  • Management remains optimistic about the mortgage business, anticipating a slow recovery.


  • Reduction in National Warehouse Lending and balances due to seasonal and market factors.
  • Decrease in average total deposits by 3% from the previous quarter.
  • HFI loans decreased by $59 million compared to the prior year period.

Q&A Highlights

  • Focus on managing a 5% 90-day CD product to attract deposits.
  • Significant amount of variable rate loans have reset, offering a chance to reprice at favorable rates.
  • Securities portfolio being allowed to run down, with reinvestments into the Fed or retained mortgages.
  • Expectation of pressure on net interest margin in the short term, with potential improvement later in the year.
  • Higher-for-longer interest rate environment presents both challenges and opportunities across business segments.

In conclusion, Hilltop Holdings has navigated through a challenging economic landscape with mixed results across its business segments. While facing headwinds in the form of rising deposit costs and a challenging mortgage market, the company has managed to maintain strong capital levels and continue returning value to shareholders. The outlook for the remainder of the year includes intense deposit competition and pressure on net interest income, but with potential stabilization and improvement anticipated towards the end of the year.

InvestingPro Insights

Hilltop Holdings Inc. (HTH) has demonstrated a commitment to shareholder returns, as evidenced by its consistent dividend payments over the past nine years and a dividend increase for eight consecutive years. The company's dividend yield stands at 2.27%, with a recent growth of 6.25% in the last twelve months as of Q1 2024. This reflects a strong focus on providing shareholder value, even amidst economic challenges and market fluctuations.

InvestingPro Data shows that Hilltop Holdings has a market capitalization of $1.96 billion and a Price/Earnings (P/E) ratio of 17.54, which is slightly adjusted to 17.4 for the last twelve months as of Q1 2024. Despite a slight revenue decline of 5.21% in the same period, the company's operating income margin remains robust at 13.28%, indicating efficient management and cost control measures in place.

InvestingPro Tips highlight that while analysts have recently revised their earnings expectations downwards for the upcoming period, they also predict that Hilltop Holdings will remain profitable this year. This is supported by the company's performance over the last twelve months, where it has managed to stay profitable.

For readers looking to delve deeper into Hilltop Holdings' financials and future prospects, InvestingPro offers additional insights and metrics. There are more InvestingPro Tips available for HTH, which can be accessed by visiting https://www.investing.com/pro/HTH. To enhance your experience, use the coupon code PRONEWS24 to receive an additional 10% off a yearly or biyearly Pro and Pro+ subscription, providing a comprehensive analysis to inform your investment decisions.

Full transcript - Hilltop Holdings Inc (HTH) Q1 2024:

Operator: Good day everyone and welcome to today's Hilltop Holdings First Quarter 2024 Earnings Call and Webcast. At this time, all participants are in a listen-only mode. Later, you will have the opportunity to ask questions during the question-and-answer session. [Operator Instructions] Please note this call is being recorded. I will be standing by if you should need any assistance. It is now my pleasure to turn the conference over to Erik Yohe, Executive Vice President.

Erik Yohe: Thank you. Before we get started, please note that certain statements during today's presentation that are not statements of historical fact, including statements concerning such items as our outlook, business strategy, future plans, financial condition, credit risk and trends in credit, allowance for credit losses, liquidity and sources of funding, funding cost, the impact, and the potential impacts of inflation, stock repurchases, dividends, and impacts of interest rate changes, as well as such other items referenced in the preface of our presentation are forward-looking statements. These statements are based on management's current expectations concerning future events that, by their nature, are subject to risks and uncertainties. Our actual results, capital, liquidity, and financial condition may differ materially from these statements due to a variety of factors, including the precautionary statements referenced in the preface of our presentation and those included in our most recent annual and quarterly reports filed with the SEC. Please note that the information presented is preliminary and based upon data available at this time. Except to the extent required by law, we expressly disclaim any obligation to update earlier statements as a result of new information. Additionally, this presentation includes certain non-GAAP measures, including tangible common equity and tangible book value per share. A reconciliation of these measures to the nearest GAAP measure may be found in the appendix to this presentation, which is posted on our website at ir.hilltop.com. With that, I will turn the presentation over to Hilltop President and CEO, Jeremy Ford.

Jeremy Ford: Thank you, Erik and good morning. For the first quarter, Hilltop reported net income of approximately $28 million or $0.42 per diluted share. Return on average assets for the period was 0.7% and return on average equity was 5.2%. While the impact of economic headwinds that began in 2022 continue to persist, we are pleased with strong returns from PlainsCapital Bank and Hilltop Securities that allowed us to improve earnings per share over the same period in the prior year. Despite a housing market that remains under pressure, prime lending significantly reduced its pre-tax loss from the same period in the prior year through meaningful, but hard expense-based right sizing. Improvement and our consolidated results are a true reflection of ongoing hard work by our teams across Hilltop. We believe that our long-term decision-making, strategic initiatives, and cost management efforts positions us to consistently serve clients across our businesses, generate consolidated profitability, return capital to shareholders via share repurchases and dividends, and take advantage of opportunities when they arise. During the quarter, PlainsCapital Bank generated $50 million of pre-tax income on $13.1 billion of assets, representing a return on average assets of 1.2%. While our conservative approach to credit has limited outside growth in our loan portfolio, it has also allowed us to prudently optimize the bank's liquidity and funding. Average loans at the bank declined slightly from the fourth quarter, driven primarily by a reduction in National Warehouse Lending and balances as normal seasonality and a depressed mortgage market continues to restrict this business. We continue to see a pullback in the commercial lending market, due to the higher for longer interest rate environment and increased equity requirements, and we expect this pullback to pressure loan growth for the near future. Our average deposit balance declined 3% during the period, primarily due to the bank returning nearly $380 million of suite deposits back to Hilltop Securities and returning $42 million of brokered CDs. Encouragingly, this plan reduction was partially offset by a $200 million increase in interest-bearing deposits. Results in the quarter include a provision recapture of $2.9 million, which resulted from the impact of net charge-offs improvements in the economic outlook and changes in migrations across the portfolio. Overall, asset quality continues to be stable as criticized loans as a percentage of bank loans, has remained relatively flat for the third consecutive period. Moving to PrimeLending, where the company reported a pre-tax loss of $16.5 million for the period, as low housing inventory, escalating home prices and higher mortgage rates persist. Operating results were negatively impacted by a $7 million valuation adjustment on the MSR asset. We are seeing that the cost cutting measures implemented during 2022 and 2023 are making a positive impact, as non-variable compensation has decreased by $6 million or 17% since the first quarter of 2023. This has resulted in the pre-tax loss improving despite lower overall revenues relative to the prior year period. Notwithstanding these ongoing challenges, employee engagement and morale remain remarkably high, underscored by the company's recent recognition as one of the top 10 workplaces in the 2024 USA Today ranking. Looking forward, while we believe the next few quarters will remain challenged. We are beginning to see signs for optimism within the mortgage business. In the first quarter, Hilltop Securities generated pre-tax income of $19 million on net revenues of $170 million dollars, marking a 12% increase in revenue over same period in the prior year. This growth was primarily driven by the mortgage trading business and suite deposit products within Wealth Management. Speaking to the lines of business at Hilltop Securities. Public Finance Services generated a 4% increase in net revenues compared to the same period in the last year. Municipal advisory fees and underwriting revenues remained stable, while revenues from the public finance spoke businesses improved due to increase fees on our cash pool products. Our structured finance net revenues increased 53% compared to the same period in the last year. This was primarily due to mortgage related business activity within the Florida market. While this was a very strong start to the year, we do anticipate a weaker outlook in the coming months as down payment assistance programs have slowed. In wealth management, net revenues were stable compared to last year's first quarter as interest rates have remained elevated, which benefits our FDIC sweet program. Our fixed income business remains pressured, as the shape of the yield curve continues to act as a headwind for the business. We are still committed to the business and look to further enhance our sales distribution capabilities, while upholding our strong culture and risk management practices. Overall, HilltopSecurities performed very well this quarter, and we continue to build on the business with recent hires that we've made from competitors who have pulled out of certain municipal and trading businesses. Moving to page 4. Hilltop maintains robust capital levels with a common equity Tier 1 capital ratio of 19.7%. Additionally, our tangible book value per share increase from year end 2023 by $0.09 to $28.44 despite the recent rise in rates. During the period, we returned $21 million to shareholders with $11 million in dividends and $10 million in share repurchases. Now, I'd like to give a brief update on the bank leadership transition that I mentioned in the fourth quarter earnings call. As discussed, Jerry Schaffner, the CEO of PlainsCapital Bank will be retiring on May 1, and I will take over as CEO of the bank, with Brian Heflin as President. In preparation, we have established an internal transition team and have been making excellent progress and ensuring a smooth handoff in the coming weeks. We feel we are in a excellent position to build on the bank's incredible legacy. And I look forward to working more closely with Brian, Pete, Darryl, Steve, and everyone else at the bank. Again, I want to thank Jerry for his partnership and friendship, as well as his dedication and leadership over his more than 42 years of service. Now, I will turn the presentation over to Will, to discuss our financials in more detail.

Will Furr: Thank you, Jeremy. I'll start on Page 5. As Jeremy discussed for the first quarter of 2024, Hilltop reported consolidated income attributable to common stockholders of $27.7 million, equating to $0.42 per diluted share. Results for the first quarter include approximately $7.3 million of negative valuation adjustments related to our MSR asset. Approximately $5 million of the valuation adjustment relates to the signing of an LOI until all of the MSR backed by conventional mortgage loans. LOI covers the sale of approximately $47 million of MSR value as of March 31. As we've noted in the past, the MSR asset is not a strategic asset for Hilltop, and while we may choose to retain MSRs at times through the cycle, our long-term view remains that we will maintain a small MSR asset, sufficient to support the sale of certain products to PrimeLending and we will execute bulk sales when we deem appropriate to limit our overall exposure on the balance sheet. In addition, as of March 31, Hilltop reported a reduction of the allowance for credit losses of $7.2 million, which includes $4.3 million of net charge-offs and a net $2.9 million release of the allowance, largely driven by the improvement in the economic scenario from December 31. Turning to Page 6. Hilltop continues to leverage the Moody's (NYSE: MCO ) S7 scenario, which calls for a mild recession to begin in Q1 of 2025. The 1231, the scenario predicted that a mild recession will begin in the first quarter of 2024. The shift in the timing of the recession is the key driver to the economic impact and resulting release of reserves for the first quarter. Allowance for credit losses of $140 million builds an ACL to total loans HFI ratio of 1.29%, as of March 31. As we've stated since the introduction of CECL, we continue to believe that the allowance for credit losses could be volatile and the future changes in the allowance will be driven by net loan growth in the portfolio, credit migration trends and changes to the macroeconomic outlook overtime. Given the current uncertainties regarding inflation, interest rates, the future outlook for GDP growth and unemployment rates, volatility could be heightened over the coming quarters. Moving to Page 7. As noted in prior quarters, we continue to believe that the segments of our loan portfolio with the most significant potential for risk exposure include the non-owner occupied office and retail portfolios. As is provided in the table these portfolios total $851 million at March 31st, and maintain an aggregate ACL coverage ratio of 3%, which is modestly higher than what was maintained at December 31st. Moving to page 8. Net interest income in the first quarter equated to $104 million, including $1.3 million of purchase accounting accretion. Versus the prior year period, net interest income decreased by $18 million or 15%, driven primarily by the ongoing increases of deposit costs. Over the last quarter, our loan, securities and cash yields have remained relatively stable consistent with Fed funds rate. We continue to expect the deposit competition will remain very intense for the remainder of the year causing NII and NIM o remain pressure throughout to 2024. Our estimates for future NII and NIM currently reflect our expectation that the Fed will maintain stable rates until late 2024 executing a single 25 basis point reduction at their December meeting. Moving to page 9. The table in the upper left of the page highlights available liquidity sources at March 31st. As a period end including the Fed discount window, Hilltop maintained available liquidity of approximately $7.4 billion, well in excess of deposits that are both uninsured and uncollateralized, which equated to $4.5 billion at the period end. As we've noted in prior quarterly updates, we do expect that interest-bearing deposit betas could have continued to drift modestly higher and will end the cycle between 66% and 70%. As of March 31st, the cumulative interest-bearing deposit beta for this portion of the rate cycle was 66%. Turning to page 10. First quarter average total deposits are approximately $10.7 billion and have declined by approximately $363 million or 3% versus the fourth quarter of 2023. On an ending balance basis, deposits declined by $179 million to $10.9 billion from the prior quarter ending balance level. Turning to page 11. As it's highlighted in the chart, the bank returned $377 million of broker dealer sweep deposits and $42 million are brokered CDs, which mature during the period, adjusting for these items, period in deposits rose by $240 million from December, 31 levels. We were pleased to see our customer deposits growing; the growth has been centered in our higher cost offerings. In particular, our top tier money market and interest-bearing checking are attracting the preponderance of new deposits that have moved into the bank. As a result of total interest-bearing deposit cost continue to rise with the blended rate equating to 358 basis points as of March 31st, up from 340 basis points to December 31st. Given the current competitive environment, and our focus on retaining and growing our customer deposits, we do expect that overall interest bearing deposit costs will continue to increase over the coming quarters. Further in the table in the lower portion of the page, we provide some detail into our CD maturities and the average rate of those maturing CDs. Turning to the page 12. Well, our non-interest income for the first quarter of 2024 equated to $182 million. First quarter mortgage-related income and fees decreased by $2 million versus the first quarter of 2023. Although, total mortgage fees declined in the period, we have seen signs of early stabilization in both revenue per loan and origination volumes, which were relatively stable with the prior year levels. While neither revenue nor origination volumes reflect what we would describe as a strong market, we have seen modest improvement in home inventory levels of recent. However, interest rates have remained volatile throughout the first and early parts of the second quarters in 2024. Further, while we've seen improved levels of gain on sale margins, that improvement has been largely offset by lower per loan origination fees. This revenue dynamic will continue to shift rapidly and will remain volatile until market interest rates are more predictable and likely stabilize at lower levels. Other income increased by $13.5 million versus the prior year period, driven primarily by improved trading activity in our structured finance business at HilltopSecurities. The strength in the structured finance revenue reflected the pull-through of secondary market volume from the prior quarter's strong lock volumes, specifically related to certain states' continued support of their down payment assistance programs. For most states, those subsidies have been depleted and the business will likely see a decline in activity until further state subsidies are put in place. It remains important to recognize that both the fixed income services and structured finance businesses at HilltopSecurities can be volatile from period-to-period as they are impacted by interest rates, overall market liquidity, volatility, and production trends, which may include additional subsidies provided by the state to support their down payment assistance programs. Turning to Page 13. Non-interest expenses remained relatively stable from the same period in the prior year. While compensation, occupancy, and professional services related expenses declined modestly versus the prior year period, other expenses moved modestly higher driven by production-related costs, including quotation and clearing costs and servicing and tax costs across HilltopSecurities and PrimeLending. Looking forward, we expect expenses other than variable compensation will remain relatively stable as the ongoing focused efforts related to streamlining our operations and improving productivity continue to support lower headcount and improve throughput across our franchise, helping to offset the ongoing inflationary pressures that persist in the market. Moving to Page 14. First quarter average HFI loans equated to $7.8 billion in 2024, down $59 million from the prior year period levels. As we've noted in prior quarters, overall market demand for funded commercial loans remains challenged, driven by the combination of the borrower's preference to leverage less debt at current market rates and the structural requirements that new projects and investments require more upfront equity to meet key underwriting thresholds. Given these ongoing challenges, we restarted the retention of originated mortgages on the balance sheet during the first quarter and expect to continue retaining these assets for the coming months and quarters. The level of future retention will be driven by a combination of factors, including the return profile of held mortgages, commercial loan demand, and the long-term value comparison to securities and other investment options, but will be within the current guidance levels of $0 million to $20 million per month. Turning to page 15. During the fourth quarter call, we noted a marked increase in total non-performing assets during that period and noted that the increase was largely driven by the negative migration of a single client relationship within our non-owner occupied commercial real estate portfolio. During the first quarter, management made the decision to move this loan to held for sale and engaged a loan sale services organization to support the potential disposition of this loan. That sale process continues and we do not have any specific updates as to the final disposition of this asset at this time. Overall, credit quality has remained generally solid through the first quarter. However, we did experience a higher level of charge off during the period, specifically addressing the loans that were charged off represented a disparate set of industry and locations and includes a charge off amount related to the loan discussed earlier that was moved to held for sale. Currently, we do not see any prevailing trends that call this outsize concern in our portfolio. However, we continue to monitor all aspects of the portfolio very closely has higher interest rates, potentially lower utilization rates in certain segments of the commercial real estate and an expected slowdown in economic activity could have a negative impact on our clients and our portfolio. As is shown in the graph at bottom right of the page, the allowance for credit loss coverage at the bank ended the first quarter at 1.35% including mortgage warehouse lending. Moving to page 16. As we move into the second quarter of 2024 there continuous to be a lot of uncertainty in the market regarding interest rates, inflation and the overall health of the economy. We're pleased with the work that our team has delivered to position our company for times like these, our teammates across our franchise remain focused on delivering great customer service to our clients, attracting new customers to our franchise, supporting the communities where we serve, maintaining a moderate risk profile delivering long-term shareholder value. As is noted in the table, our outlook for 2024 reflects our current assessment of the economy and the markets where we participate. Further, as the market changes and we adjust our business to respond, we will provide updates to our outlook on future quarterly calls. Operator that concludes our prepared comments and we'll turn the call back to you for the Q&A section of the call.

Operator: [Operator Instructions] We'll take our first question from Michael Rose with Raymond (NS: RYMD ) James.

Michael Rose: Good morning, everyone. Thanks for taking my questions. Maybe we could just start on the reserve release this quarter. I guess I was just a little bit surprised to see the general release. I think you cited may be better economic trends. I guess that's kind of in contrast with you know what we're seeing from a bunch of other banks that are actually you know, kind of building reserves. I understand that you know, clearly Texas -- is going to hold up a lot better than most other places in the country. But I was just a little surprised by that. So maybe you just walk us through, you know what happened there and kind of what you're seeing and maybe a little bit different than maybe what others are saying. Thanks.

Jeremy Ford: Well, thanks for the question. You know, as we've noted, we use a single scenario for our CECL evaluation and that's the Moody's S7 that's been consistent for a series of quarters at this point. As management went through the evaluation of the economic scenarios, we felt like the Moody's S7 at current year at 3/31 was the appropriate scenario to leverage. If you compare those time periods for the S7 3/31 and 12/31 what you'll see is there is a shifting in the timing of the overall potential economic recession that they're predicting. So, at 12/31, the scenario predicted that a recession would begin really in the later parts of the first quarter of 2024, that has moved now to the first quarter of 2025. Really, that shift in timing of the overall -- of a potential recession really is what shifted and what caused the -- as you can see on Page 6 in our slides there, the collected economic condition, the release there are $4.1 million. So, it's really just scenario-for-scenario, the adjustments. As we evaluated, our view has continued to be that the economy will move into a recessionary period in the future. And as a result, we adopted that scenario and believe that to be appropriate as of 3/31.

Michael Rose: Okay. I guess just as a follow-up, I'm just a little bit curious why you wouldn’t wait the downside scenarios a little bit higher. I mean, we're kind of seeing that kind of across the board, large and small. Any reason why you'd be kind of in contrast to kind of what we're seeing from others? Thanks.

Will Furr: Well, we don't wait scenarios. Again, we take we take we take one scenario that we believe most adequately reflects the economic outlook. And so as a result of that we don't take multiple scenarios and then try to wait our way into a blended average. So, that's really likely the delta that you're seeing between others, with [indiscernible] not being able to tell others are doing it.

Michael Rose: Got it, appreciate it. And then I know we saw a decent step down in the margin this quarter. Can you just talk about some of the levers whether it be on the liability side in terms of deposit cost betas and then maybe what you might have in terms of loan maturities and maybe some securities maturities this year? And then how should we -- putting all that together, how should we, kind of, expect the margin to, kind of, trend from here? I would think that it would be, kind of, up, particularly as you get the benefit -- seasonal benefit from some mortgage pick up, even though it's a little bit more muted, maybe than it might have been just given a higher for longer backdrop? Thanks.

Will Furr: And so for margin as you as you noted, 285 basis points for the first quarter, obviously down linked-quarter, down year-on-year. I think as we evaluate, kind of, the ongoing aspects of our portfolio, we've got a handful of things that are occurring first, and I noticed this in my comments. We do expect that interest-bearing deposit costs are continue to rise. We provided some perspective to our CD maturities in the materials. But we do have a 5% 90-day CD that are currently in the market and so we're seeing the preponderance of CDs roll into that product. So, that will continue to drift higher. We think that's the competitive product at this point. Secondarily, we're seeing deposit flows into our in our higher cost money market tiers, which are our larger balance tiers, but nonetheless, that's where the dollars have flown into here over the last couple of quarters. And so we are expecting to see -- say a consistent drift higher and overall interest bearing deposit costs. On the loan side, most of our – the vast majority of our variable rate loans have already reset, and if you believe that rates are going to remain reasonably stable, they'll be stable, the same. From a fixed rate perspective, we've got about $350 million of loans that will come up for renewal here for the balance of the year that will allow us the opportunity to reprice those loans and so we would expect that to occur, the blended rate on that is – on those loans at current is just under – just under 5%. So obviously, we view that as a tailwind. Securities Portfolios got a yield just at 3%. We're continuing to allow that portfolio to run down and those cash flows are reinvested either in cash which are deposited near to Fed or into the retained mortgages that we talked about. So we also view that as a favorable. I think just given the sheer size, we would expect that NIM will be pressured here into the second and third quarters and then likely start to turn from there in the fourth quarter. Again, presuming that the Fed holds rates reasonably stable, but then again, the overall flows would cause you to be more stable but likely has a little bit of a – a little bit of a negative bias here over the next – the next two quarters.

Michael Rose: Very thorough. Well, thank you very much. And then maybe just finally for me, maybe for Jeremy, just in higher for longer environment. How can we think about the broker-dealer segment and what are the puts and takes of kind of a higher for longer backdrop as it relates to the components of the business and then as you think about the pre-tax margin? Thanks.

Jeremy Ford: Okay, well, I think I mean, there’s a lot to that. I think on the public finance business, the higher rate environment has slowed underwritings, so I think that there's – when rates decline, we think there's a pipeline building that will provide some additional revenue there. You know, I think on – it's kind of the shape of the curve having a higher short-term interest rates clearly benefit our wealth management businesses with our sweep deposits that are really tied to that. And also having the inverted yield curve has really challenged our fixed income business, which as – the nature of that business and the fact that a lot of what we're – their activity is muted. We're seeing with client demand, and the activity that we're doing, we're doing in shorter duration product that generates less revenue. So I think in general, a more normalized yield curve will pull up the public finance and the fixed income business and will be a good offset for potential decline in the wealth management sweeps. If you think that with the wealth management sweeps, I think with the first 100 basis points of any decline that that’s probably something that we will ask back to the clients, so we’ll be able to sustain some of that revenue with that. I don’t know if that’s all over the map but that’s my response.

Michael Rose: No, that’s really a great components. And appreciate it Jeremy. Thanks for taking my questions everyone.

Jeremy Ford: Thank you.

Operator: And we will take our next question from Stephen Scouten with Piper Sandler.

Stephen Scouten: Thanks. Good morning, everyone. I guess, if you could touch a little bit more on the mortgage business and what you're seeing, I know you referenced some signs you're seeing that things might be moving a bit more positive, what specifically you might be seeing there? And kind of what the pass to that in your mind looks like? Is this kind of a couple of years short of recovery or more normalized mortgage environment, or how are you thinking about that today?

Jeremy Ford: Yeah. My point would be kind of high level. There’s such a great amount and building pent up demand for housing and it’s generational. And so we're seeing that, we're seeing pockets, or markets where inventory is starting to become more available. And we're seeing that the borrowers are starting to become accustomed to, and are more accepting of a mortgage rate that is in the sixes. We think that 6.5% mortgage rate is really a defining level there that if it goes below that, we think that there there'll be more activity. And if it's much higher than that, then it just continues to have this locked in effect that we have where there's a large, a vast majority of -- the mortgage market is – or mortgage holders are at rates, well less than the sixes. So that's what we’re seeing and we’re seeing it kind of slowly unlock. So, we don't predict or think that there's a hockey stick here, but we do think there's a light at the end of the tunnel. And for Prime, they've done a lot of work to reduce their platform costs. And we're going to really continue to work hard to maintain that. So that when the revenue comes back, we'll be able to leverage that to earnings.

Stephen Scouten: Okay. Yeah, that's really helpful. Thanks. And, I guess, you referenced to maybe some new hires within Hilltop Securities, I'm wondering, is that of any meaningful scale that we'll see that show up in the expense base, or is that just kind of normal course of business as you continue to build out that vision over time?

Jeremy Ford: Will, can speak to that.

Will Furr: Yeah. I think it's normal course of business. I mean, we continue to invest in what we believe to be really high quality teams and individuals that we believe bring skill sets, I think what Jeremy was mentioning was we've seen some of our larger competitors exit certain businesses, and we've been able to -- we believe benefit from that in terms of hiring some really quality folks from an overall cost perspective. It'll be marginal in that regard, but we do expect them to be productive and accretive here over the coming quarters.

Stephen Scouten: Okay, great. And then I guess just last thing for me, how should we think about the share repurchases there, I mean, obviously you just bought back some shares at $31 were lower than that, I mean, at around one or two tangible or what have you, well, you're up good today. But would you expect to be fairly aggressive with the share purchase around these levels?

Will Furr: I think that what we're going to do is we're going to try to -- we're mindful of it, we clearly know we are evaluating the value and see that, and we're going to try to do share repurchase or towards our share repurchase authorization of around $75 million and if it's, if valuations go down further, something maybe we'll do something more, but for the time being, we're going to just try to live within our share repurchase authorization.

Jeremy Ford: And I'll just go back to HilltopSecurities. I mean, I personally am extremely excited about the talent and the team that we're bringing on board combined with the existing talent that we have. So, I think that when it's particularly in public finance and fixed income, and I think when those markets come back, I think that will, I'm hopeful that we will see some real revenue growth.

Stephen Scouten: Yes, makes sense. Great. Appreciate the color everyone. Thanks so much.

Erik Yohe: Thank you.

Operator: And we'll take our next question from Woody Lay with KBW.

Woody Lay: Hey, good morning guys.

Erik Yohe: Good morning.

Woody Lay: Just wanted to follow up on mortgage. Its great to see the gain on sale margin pick up in the quarter, just what are your expectations for that margin for the remainder?

Jeremy Ford: I think as we as we look at it, and I tried to highlight it in our comments were -- I think we seen it we saw an improvement in overall penal sale margins, obviously to 216 basis points. What we are seeing is again, with each, with each kind of increment in the overall mortgage rate, and it's pretty volatile at this point. We're seeing customers may kind of real time decisions whether they buy down the rate pay points and down the rate that generates more origination fees or we're able to take that -- take that loan to market and garner a higher secondary sale. So we're looking at it really to some extent on an aggregate revenue basis of about 375 basis points is where we've been here recently. And so, until we see aggregate revenue, start to move material higher, I think our view is customers are going to make those decisions. We're going to support those decisions and help them get loans executed. But one of the revenue components moving higher, while the other necessarily almost offsets it dollar for dollar, I think just puts us in a similar spot. So we are seeing more variability around the mix of revenue, but the aggregate per loan revenue, again remains reasonably resilient and consistent between 370 and 380 basis points.

Woody Lay: Got it. That's super helpful. Maybe shifting over to credit. It looks like classified loans were down a little bit in special mention one ticks up, was that mostly just some small dollar movement or any detail you can share there?

Jeremy Ford: There'll be more detail that comes out in our queue, but it -- overall, we are seeing notwithstanding the loan I spent some time on in my comments talking about and we spent some time last quarter talking about notwithstanding that loan, largely small or related movement. Again, we don't see any material industry concentrations or geography based concentrations. What we see is, individual situations and kind of items that have popped up whether it be ownership or otherwise, that cause credits to otherwise underperform. We're seeing and I think we've stated this in the past, the pressure of higher rates on cash flows, and that's permeating the portfolio. So we do expect to continue to see some downgrades and pressure from that. Again, there's nothing within the industry or geography perspective right now, that causes us to be overly concerned.

Woody Lay: All right. That's all for me. Thanks for taking my questions.

Jeremy Ford: Thank you.

Operator: And we will take our next question from Matt Olney with Stephens.

Matt Olney: Hey, great. Thanks. Good morning everybody.

Jeremy Ford: Good morning.

Matt Olney: I want to go back to the deposit discussion and non-interest-bearing deposits. Still some pressure in the first quarter at the bank, but also just the industry overall. In the guidance, I think you reiterated the same commentary about just seeing additional pressure throughout the year. But it looks like the 1Q average NIB deposit balance is already at the midpoint of that range that you mentioned for the end of the year. Just trying to clarify if you expect incremental pressure from here and we should be thinking about moving towards the lower end of that guidance? Or you think we could stabilize here at these 1Q levels? Thanks.

Will Furr: Good question. And you know as we look at it, we're evaluating a few moving parts. First, customer demand to kind of move into our sweep products and out of non-interest-bearing kind of as a primary order matter. And then second, what we've seen is in our treasury products, and those customers are using our treasury services, they're penchant to be willing to pay fees and then shift their deposits, their non-interest-bearing deposits into sweep products has also increased during the first quarter. So our expectation is we're going to continue to see a steady, but modest, I think, movement into interest-bearing products out of non-interest-bearing. So, again, we think the range is reasonable and appropriate. Where we land in the range, I think, will be determined by customer activity, but we are continuing to see customers with an appetite to move into higher rate products and out of their NIB deposit accounts.

Matt Olney: Okay. Thanks for that, Will. And then within the NII guidance, I think it's now down 4% to 8% for the year. I was hoping to kind of parse that out. I'm curious what you think are the major drivers, the major variables within the guidance that could push the actual results onto either side of that guidance.

Will Furr: Yes. So, the most significant driver is going to be our overall deposit cost. And we continue to manage it closely. Our objective, again, remains to continue to grow and attract new customers to our franchise. And as a result, we've got to be competitive. I think where we are currently positioned, we feel comfortable. We've got some products that do have kind of 5% rates on them, but largely the products are below that. Certainly, in some of our competitive markets and some of our competitors have got rates higher than that across both their CD products and in certain cases their money market products. So we are, again, not top of market, but we believe competitive. But again, customer demand for higher interest rates persist. They continue to reach out and ask for higher rates in different products, whether it be sweep or otherwise. So we are going to continue to kind of work our way through that, but we do expect deposit rates are going to move higher and we expect that beta, as I noted earlier in my comments, to move up within that range of 66% to 70%. The other parts that we noted, we've got loans, which again, we've got some repricing that will occur on our fixed rate portfolio through the balance of the year. We think that's a tailwind. We also think we're allowing the securities portfolio to continue to run down and we expect that those cash flows will be reinvested in either cash or loans. Likely loans retained in our mortgage retention program. And so both of those are tailwinds, which cause us to believe that both NII and NIM are going to be pressured here for the coming quarters, maybe one or two quarters and then likely stabilizes and starts to move higher we believe in the fourth quarter. So, those are really the largest drivers. As I noted, we started -- restarted the retention of mortgage loans on the balance sheet in the first quarter. We'll continue to do that. The average rate -- coming on rate for those mortgages at this point and they're all hybrid arm product is about 7% And so obviously, that’s a higher rate than cash earnings rates and certainly a higher rate than our securities portfolio as well. We'll continue to do that at a modest level relative to our overall balance sheet, but again, I think that the current environment, the inverted yield curve, and Fed funds remaining, what we believe to be elevated levels for the vast majority of this year are going to continue to pressure NII and NIM.

Matt Olney: Okay, great details. Thanks guys. That's all for me.

Will Furr: Thank you.

Operator: It appears that we have no further questions at this time. This does conclude the Hilltop earnings first quarter 2024 earnings call. Thank you for your participation. You may disconnect at any time.

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