Dynamic Shifts in India's Oil Market: OPEC Surges as Russian Imports Dwindle

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Dynamic Shifts in India's Oil Market: OPEC Surges as Russian Imports Dwindle


India's October oil imports witnessed a significant transformation as OPEC nations, particularly Saudi Arabia and the UAE, seized a 10-month high market share, fueled by narrowed discounts on Russian oil. Despite a 1.2% increase in Russian oil imports, its market share slipped to 33%, marking the lowest in nine months. The data reveals India's strategic efforts to diversify its oil sources, impacting supplier shares in the midst of global geopolitical shifts.


OPEC's Increased Share: OPEC's share in India's oil imports rose to a 10-month high in October. This increase was driven by higher purchases from Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates due to narrowed discounts for Russian oil that month.

Decline in Russian Market Share: Russia's share in the Indian oil market decreased to its lowest in nine months in October, slipping to 33% from 35% in September.

Indian Oil (NS: IOC ) Import Volumes: India imported around 4.7 million barrels per day (bpd) of crude oil in October, marking an 8.4% increase from the previous month. This rise was to meet higher local fuel demand during the festive season.

Shift in Supplier Shares: Imports from Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates surged by around 53% and 63% respectively in October compared to the previous month, leading to a boost in OPEC's share to 54% in October, up from 50% in September.

Russian Oil Import Increase: Despite a slight increase in the average import of Russian oil (1.56 million bpd) in October by 1.2% from the previous month, its overall market share in India declined.

Top Suppliers to India: Russia remained the top oil supplier to India from April to October of that fiscal year, followed by Iraq and Saudi Arabia.

CIS Influence: Higher intake of Russian oil contributed to the Commonwealth of Independent States' (CIS) share in India's oil imports reaching its highest point during April-October.


India's strategic oil import decisions, influenced by geopolitical events and cost considerations, highlight a nuanced market landscape. The surge in OPEC's share, coupled with a decline in Russian market dominance, underscores India's adaptability in navigating global uncertainties. As the Commonwealth of Independent States gains influence, India's dynamic approach to sourcing oil reaffirms its commitment to securing reliable and cost-effective energy supplies amidst evolving international dynamics.

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