This article was written exclusively for Investing.com
- TerraUSD (UST) tanks
- Tether (USDT) holds, for now
- Confidence in cryptos declines
- Stable is not a guarantee
- With this asset class, be careful and expect the unexpected
The dictionary defines stable as not likely to give way or overturn—i.e. firmly fixed. In the world of cryptocurrencies, a stablecoin is pegged to a fiat currency or commodity that's meant to anchor its value and add reliability. When they deviate from the anchoring principle, the reason for their existence disappears.
The latest crypto debacle has occurred in the stablecoin sector. The digital token asset class’s market cap peaked at over $3 trillion in November 2021, when Bitcoin and Ethereum reached record highs. After a correction to lows in late January and price consolidation through early May 2022, the current stablecoin issue pushed the entire crypto class below the Jan. 24 lows; at the end of last week, the market cap had dropped below the $1.252 trillion level.
According to its website:
“The Terra protocol is the leading decentralized and open-source, public blockchain for algorithmic stablecoins. Using a combination of open market arbitrage incentives and decentralized Oracle voting, the Terra protocol creates stablecoins that consistently trade the price of any fiat currency.”
TerraUSD (UST) fulfilled its pledge to “consistently trade the price of any fiat currency” against the US dollar from November 2020 through early May 2022, when the protocol fell apart. That occurred because algorithmic stablecoins, unlike traditional stablecoins aren't actually backed by real fiat assets but rather use complex technology to maintain their peg. As Bitcoin plunged, the technological dollar peg collapsed.
As the chart shows, UST is below the 7 cents level, one-tenth of its level at the beginning of May.
Mike Novogratz, the founder and CEO of crypto investing firm Galaxy Digital, and an investor in Terra and LUNA , another crypto that crashed from over $100 to under one penny per token, said a combination of central banks “unwinding a massive liquidity bubble” put too much pressure on Terra to deliver high-interest returns on users’ holdings.
“The downward pressure on reserve assets coupled with UST withdrawals triggered a stress scenario akin to a ‘run on the bank.’”
In early January 2022, Novogratz tweeted a picture that symbolized his commitment to LUNA.
He recently commented, “My tattoo will be a constant reminder that venture investing requires humility.”
Tether holds, for now
“Tether tokens are the most widely adopted stablecoins, having pioneered the concept in the digital token space.”
As of this writing, the USDT token has lived up to its pledge and has maintained its value against the US dollar.
At the time of publication, USDT is the third-leading cryptocurrency behind Bitcoin and Ethereum. At 99.96 cents per token, USDT had an over $73 billion market cap and has held its value in the face of the UST meltdown.
Confidence in cryptos declines
The UST crash shook investor confidence in stablecoins along with the overall cryptocurrency asset class.
The chart shows Bitcoin fell to its latest low of $25,919.52 on May 12, its lowest level since late 2020. A falling stock market, higher interest rates, and the Terra debacle put downward pressure on the leading crypto.
Ethereum fell to $1721.474 on May 12, its lowest price since June 2021. Many other of the over 19,500 cryptocurrencies fell as well, as the stablecoin became unstable.
Stable is not a guarantee
Some market participants believed that tokens like USDT and even UST are the same as holding US dollars. They were lulled into a false sense of security after years of trading at parity to the US dollar, fulfilling their pledge as “stablecoins.”
Yet, many, like Mike Novogratz, learned an expensive lesson: dollars are dollars, while stablecoins are not. The term “stablecoin” does not, in fact, guarantee reliable, solid performance against the pegged asset.
With this asset class, be careful and expect the unexpected
Cryptocurrencies and stablecoins remain a burgeoning asset class, with many opportunities and commensurate risks. Digital yuan, dollars, euros, and other government-sponsored currencies are on the horizon. They will be the true stablecoins as governments use those tools to provide the durability that supports trade, monetary, and fiscal policy goals and agendas.
The risk surrounding independent stablecoins will, however, remain high. As developers peg the tokens to fiat currencies, their upside is limited. But, as the market discovered with USDT, downside exposure was unlimited.
Only invest capital you are willing to lose in the cryptocurrency asset class as the potential for substantial rewards comes with significant pervasive risks.
As of Dec. 31, 2021, Mike Novogratz’s Galaxy held over $400 million in LUNA. The token that once sold for over $100 and is now worth under one penny inflicted a projected $300 million loss for Galaxy and pushed its equity 12% lower to $2.2 billion, an expensive lesson that all crypto investors and speculators should note.
Add Chart to Comment
We encourage you to use comments to engage with users, share your perspective and ask questions of authors and each other. However, in order to maintain the high level of discourse we’ve all come to value and expect, please keep the following criteria in mind:
- Enrich the conversation
- Stay focused and on track. Only post material that’s relevant to the topic being discussed.
- Be respectful. Even negative opinions can be framed positively and diplomatically.
- Use standard writing style. Include punctuation and upper and lower cases.
- NOTE: Spam and/or promotional messages and links within a comment will be removed
- Avoid profanity, slander or personal attacks directed at an author or another user.
- Don’t Monopolize the Conversation. We appreciate passion and conviction, but we also believe strongly in giving everyone a chance to air their thoughts. Therefore, in addition to civil interaction, we expect commenters to offer their opinions succinctly and thoughtfully, but not so repeatedly that others are annoyed or offended. If we receive complaints about individuals who take over a thread or forum, we reserve the right to ban them from the site, without recourse.
- Only English comments will be allowed.
Perpetrators of spam or abuse will be deleted from the site and prohibited from future registration at Investing.com’s discretion.